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101.83 billion units of power generated during 2017-18 from renewable energy

New Delhi: Keeping in view our commitment to a healthy planet and our Nationally Determined Contributions as per the Paris Accord on Climate Change, India made a pledge that by 2030, 40% of installed power generation capacity shall be based on clean sources, it was determined that 175 GW of renewable energy capacity will be installed by 2022. This includes 100 GW from solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from bio-power and 5 GW from small hydropower.

The substantially higher capacity target will ensure greater energy security, improved energy access and enhanced employment opportunities. With the accomplishment of this ambitious target, India will become one of the largest Green Energy producers in the world, even surpassing several developed countries. The Share of Renewable Energy in overall installed capacity in the country as on 31.10.2018 is given below:

            Source

Installed Capacity (GW)

Percentage

Thermal

221.76 GW

(63.84%)

Nuclear

6.78 GW

(1.95%)

Hydro

45.48 GW

(13.09%)

Renewable

73.35 GW

(21.12%)

Total

347.37 GW

(100%)

 

  • A total of around 73.35 GW of renewable energy capacity has been installed in the country as on October 2018 from all renewable energy sources which include around 34.98 GW from Wind, 24.33 GW from solar, 4.5 GW from Small Hydro Power and 9.54 GW from Bio-power. Further, projects worth 46.75 GW capacity have been bid out/under installation. The Government has declared the trajectory of bidding 60 GW capacity of solar energy and 20 GW capacity of wind energy till 31.03.2020. Projects worth each 30 GW solar power and 10 GW wind power capacity would be bid out each in the year 2018-19 & 2019-20.
  • This has given assurance to the renewable energy developers & investors community about long-term commitment & planning of the Government in the RE sector encouraging them to make risk free investments in the country. Status of projects as on October 2018 is given below:

Sector

Target (GW)

Installed capacity (GW) as on 31.10.2018

Under Implementation (GW)

Tendered (GW)

Total Installed/ Pipeline (GW)

Solar Power

100

24.33

13.8

22.8

60.93

Wind power

60

34.98

7.02

2.4

44.4

BioEnergy

10

9.54

0

0

9.54

Small Hydro

5

4.5

0.73

0

5.23

Total

175

73.35

21.55

25.2

120.1

 

  • India has a 5th Global position for overall installed renewable energy capacity, 4th position for wind power and 5th position for solar power.
  • Registered lowest ever solar tariffs in India of Rs.2.44 per unit in reverse auctions carried out by Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) in May 2017, for 200 MW and again in July 2018, for 600 MW. Registered lowest ever wind tariff of Rs.2.43 per unit in a tender of 500 MW project by Gujarat Government in the month of December 2017.
  • The cumulative renewable energy installed capacity has increased from 35.51 GW as on 31.03.2014 to 73.35 GW as on 31.10.2018 (an increase of around 106% during the last four &a half years). The capacity addition of over 37.84 GW grid-connected renewable power has been achieved during last four & half years (2014-15 to 2018-19) which includes 21.7 GW from Solar Power, 13.98 GW from Wind Power, 0.7 GW from Small Hydro Power and 1.5 GW from Bio-power. The year wise capacity addition is given below-

[A] GRID CONNECTED POWER

 

The progress of Renewables in India during the last four and Half years (2014-15 to 2018-19 as on 31.10.2018)

Sector

Cumulative Ach. in MW (as on 31.03.2014)

Capacity Addition in MW

Cumulative Achievement in MW (as on 31.10.2018)

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

Wind Power

21042.57

2311.78

3423.05

5502.37

1865.23

841.35

34986.35

Small Hydro Power

3803.74

251.61

218.60

105.9

105.95

21.15

4506.95

BioPower

8041.63

355.72

364.09

187.65

552.82

44.00

9545.91

Solar Power

2631.90

1112.08

3018.9

5526

9362.64

2661.12

24312.58

Total

35519.84

4031.19

7024.64

11321.92

11886.64

3567.62

73351.79

 

[B] OFF-GRID/CAPTIVE POWER (in MWeq)

 

S. No.

Sector

 

 

 

 

 

Cumulative

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

installed

 

 

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

Capacity(as on 31.10.2018)

1.

Waste to Energy

12.00

14.13

12.21

5.50

3.13

175.28

2.

Biomass Gasifiers

6.76

12.54

4.30

0.92

0.00

163.37

3.

SPV Systems

60.00

87.67

115.50

216.63

96.11

767.51

 

  • A total of 101.83 billion units of power were generated in the country during the year 2017-18 from all renewable energy sources as compared to 61.78 billion units generated in 2014-15 (an increase of around 65% during last four years). The share of renewable energy in terms of overall power generation has reached around 8% from 5.5% in 2014-15.

 

  • Further, 62.66 BU of energy is generated during 2018-19 up to August 2018. Year wise details of renewable energy generation are given in the following table:-

 

Year

Overall Generation (in BU)

Renewable Generation (in BU)

% share of RE

2014-15

1110.18

61.78

5.56

2015-16

1172.98

65.78