Skill India– Highlights 2018
This year, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) completed its 4 successful years, since its inception in 2014. For the first time, a ministry created by the Government of India is keeping its core focus on converging all skill development initiatives in the country under one National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). Annually, more than One Crore youth, have been joining and benefitting from the Skill India program, a mission under the Ministry to equip youth with skills for better livelihood.
Some of the key achievements of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship are:
I. Policy, Framework & Standards
- The launch of the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in 2015: First ever comprehensive policy framework for skill development of the country
- National Skill Development Mission, launched in 2015 by Hon’ble Prime Minister – First ever national implementation plan covering all states, territories and people
- Common Norms – launched in 2015 to provide harmonization of training costs, processes, assessments, certification and outcome. Presently over 20 Ministries are implementing skill development schemes
- Common Norms Alignment with other schemes and programs; 18 out of 20 Ministries aligned; Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) exempted because of special nature
- Enforcement of National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) –more than 2,000Qualification Packs developed in four years
- Pradhan MantriKaushalVikasYojana (PMKVY): It is one of the flagship schemes of the Ministry aimed at providing free-of-cost skill training to over 1 Crore youth in 4 years in 221+ job roles; offering short-term training between 2 months to 6 months.
- Pradhan MantriKaushal Kendra (PMKK): It is an initiative towards the creation of “Model TrainingCenters” with standardized infrastructure for delivery of skill development training to be opened in every district of India; aiming to make benchmark institutions that can demonstrate aspirational value for competency-based skill development amongst key stakeholders- industry and trainees.
- National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS): The scheme is aimed to increase the involvement of industries and employers in engaging youth as apprentices and providing on-the-job skill training to create a ready workforce. The government reimburses part of the stipend paid by the employer.
- Establishing Academic Equivalence: Skill India aims to make skilling aspirational and bring vocational training in equivalence with the academic education system, especially to provide horizontal and vertical mobility pathway to candidates pursuing vocational education. The Directorate General of Training wing under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) under Ministry of Human Resource Development have signed a MoU to put in place a system for academic equivalence to vocational/ITI qualification, thereby opening gateway to meet aspirations of ITI candidates to attain high academic qualification in addition to their skills. This MoU also opens pathways for ex-trainees of ITI, holding National Trade Certificate (NTC) to earn secondary/senior secondary qualification.
- Capacity building in long-term skill development: One of the initiatives towards building capacity of the skill ecosystem is uniform nomenclature of all the skill institutes across country as National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs), and merging of NSTIs, with courses in ITIs, establishment of Indian Institute of Skills (IIS) and inspections and de-affiliation of various ITIs etc.
Investment in Skill Development Infrastructure
Investment in Skill Development Infrastructure
- Pradhan MantriKaushalKendras: In the year 2018, MSDE focused extensively on building industry standardized infrastructure for driving skill development training under Pradhan MantriKaushalKendras (PMKK). PMKK has the potential to become the benchmark of skill development infrastructure, training, and placement in the respective district and; also in the country. Its objective is to make skill development quality oriented, sustainable and aspirational.
- As on December 2018, 719 PMKKs have been allocated across 29 States and 6 UTs, covering 631 Districts and 521 Parliamentary Constituencies (PC). Out of which, 515 PMKKs have been established and work is under progress to establish 204 additional PMKK Centres. Further, 419 PMKKs have been inaugurated by Local Members of Parliament, Members of Legislative Assembly and other dignitaries. A total of 100 PMKKs have been inaugurated and 65 PMKKs established in 2018.
- National Skill Training Institute (NSTI): MSDE also laid down the foundation stone of the first National Skill Training Institute (erstwhile RVTI) in Telangana, Hyderabad by the Hon’ble Vice President of India. The foundation stone for NSTI(W) Mohali was also laid down by the Minister for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Sh. Dharmendra Pradhan in July 2018.
- National Skill Training Institute (W): Under the Central Scheme, regular vocational training programmes are being conducted through an Institutional Network of 18 central Institutes called National Skill Training Institute for Women, providing training facilities exclusively for women in skills having high wage-employment and self-employment potential besides Instructor training programmes.
- The NSTIs(W), Noida, Bengaluru, Thiruvananthapuram, Jaipur, Allahabad, Kolkata, Tura, Panipat, Vadodara and Indore are housed in their own permanent premises. NSTI(W) Mumbai is currently under operation from a two-floor building provided by the State Government of Maharashtra. NSTIs(W) at Shimla, Mohali, Trichy, Agartala, Patna, Goa and Hyderabad are functioning from temporary buildings provided by the respective State Governments. Besides these 18 operational institutes, the land has been identified for NSTI (W) in Jammu & Kashmir.
- Regular skill training programmes are being organized under the Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) and Craft Instructors Training Scheme (CITS) in trades/areas having a high demand for wage/self-employment/Trained Instructors. A total of 4,904 regular seats (2784 CTS+2120 CITS) have been sanctioned in the NSTIs(W) in 2018-19 as on November 2018. Besides this, in CTS/CITS courses 2nd units are also being conducted in the trades having high demand.
- Long-Term Training is presently conducted in functional areas such as Office Management, Electronics, Architecture, Computer, Dress Making, Cosmetology, Fruits and Vegetable Processing, Desktop Publishing, Surface Ornamentation Techniques, Fashion Design & Technology, Catering and Hospitality, Sewing Technology, Travel & Tour, Computer Aided Embroidery & Designing, Food and Beverages Service Assistant, Food Production (General), Draughtsman Civil, and Interior Decoration & Designing etc. Besides these, Short Term Training is also provided in 18 NSTIs(W) in the above-mentioned trades. Placement support is also provided to the pass out trainees by organizing Campus Interviews. Apprenticeship Training support is extended to the trainees. Off-campus Short Term Training programs are being conducted by the NSTIs(W).
- Indian Institute of Skills (IIS): These state-of-the-art centres of excellence are being set up across four regions of India, on the lines of premier global institutes such as Institute of Technical Education (ITE), Singapore. The Hon’ble Prime Minister had launched the first IIS in Kanpur in December 2016, which was conceptualized by the Prime Minister during his visit to ITE Singapore. M/S NBCC has been hired for planning, designing and construction of new building for IIS Kanpur. M/S NBCC has hired an agency and construction work has started. Further, IIS Mumbai will be set up in collaboration with the TATA group. The total budget of Rs. 476 Crore has been laid down for building IIS, which will provide hands-on training in advanced courses such as energy efficient construction, industrial electronics and automation etc.